Vienna Underground – A brief History

The public transport in Vienna just isn’t alone around the subway. You can find driving busses, trams and the overground train. You do not have a precise date for your first day, when drives began about the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was a really complicated system. The very first date within the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system which can be nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 plus a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is just a few changing times.

U-Bahnnetz Wien, 2017

Timetable
1925 was the year, where the City Train was reopened as an urban transport system after being electrified from the town of Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected plenty of places within the city. Within the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines in the center: U3 and U6 as well as in the next several years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.

New dates for opening
The 3rd first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 if the first new subway train ran on the route between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This is termed as a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route ended up operational since 1901.
Last although not the least, in the year 1978, was built the first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It had been opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had been recently on the U4 line for just two years.

1898
I tend to view the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date with the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification took place a while later. The first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, there is however nowhere a reference – the London Underground would not have been opened until 1890. Within this sense, 1898 seems to me to be acceptable to Wien U Bahn Netz.

The midst of a lifetime
After The second world war, it was decided in 1946 to go back two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to lessen Austria. The emergence with the “Iron Curtain” and the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project with the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it had been targeted at a city of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, and even today isn’t around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).

City Tram
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from the fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public roads ended up being often solved in favor of private transport: As with numerous avenues in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical such as other cities. The tasks from the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly to the new bus lines. Over these years, there is also an unlucky politicization of the subway question, because the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for that subway, the dominant SPO and the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It had been assumed that the Viennese subway would result in excessive promotion from the centrality from the inner city.
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