Vienna Underground – A brief History

The public transport in Vienna isn’t alone on the subway. There are driving busses, trams as well as the overground train. You don’t have an exact date for that first day, when drives began around the subway from Vienna. It was an extremely complicated system. The very first date in the books is 1898 using the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a method that is nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 plus a section of Line 6, known today as modern trains as well as in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is just a matter of changing times.

U-Bahnnetz Wien, 2017

Timetable
1925 was the year, in which the City Train was reopened as an urban transport system after being electrified by the city of Vienna. The operation took place, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places in the city. Inside the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines in the center: U3 and U6 and in the next years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.

New dates for opening
The third first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 once the first new subway train ran on the route between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This is called a “test operation”. Furthermore, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last however, not the very least, in the year 1978, was built the initial new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had recently been about the U4 line for just two years.

1898
I am inclined to see the year 1898 as correct, analogous to the opening date with the London Underground in 1863: this year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels in addition to their electrification occurred a while later. The first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, there is however nowhere a reference – the London Underground do not need been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 appears to me to be acceptable to Wien U Bahn Linien.

The midst of a lifetime
After The second world war, it was decided in 1946 to go back two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to reduce Austria. The emergence from the “Iron Curtain” as well as the occupation of Vienna by the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project from the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it had been directed at an urban area of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, as well as today isn’t in sight. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any possibility of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).

City Tram
In the city, motorized private transport increased strongly in the fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public areas roads was then often solved and only private transport: Such as many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, however, not as radical such as other cities. The duties of the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly to the new bus lines. During these years, there was also an unlucky politicization from the subway question, since the conservative OVP within the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for the subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It had been assumed a Viennese subway would cause excessive promotion of the centrality with the inner city.
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