The public transport in Vienna isn’t alone around the subway. You will find driving busses, trams and also the overground train. You don’t have a precise date for that first day, when drives began about the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was an extremely complicated system. The initial date in the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system which can be nearly the same today. We speak from Line 4 along with a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains plus 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is only a few changing times.
1925 was the season, in which the City Train was reopened as a possible urban transport system after being electrified from the capital of scotland- Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected plenty of places in the city. Within the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 plus the next many years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The next first date from your subway of Vienna was 1976 if the first new subway train ran on the route between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This is called a “test operation”. Additionally, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last however, not the least, in the year 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been around the U4 line for just two years.
I am inclined to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous to the opening date of the London Underground in 1863: this season too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification occurred a while later. The first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there is nowhere a reference – the London Underground do not need been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 appears to me being acceptable to Wien U Bahn.
The midst of the Century
After World War II, it was decided in 1946 to return two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to lessen Austria. The emergence with the “Iron Curtain” and the occupation of Vienna by the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted being a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project from the Siemens Building Union as a possible official subway network; it was targeted at an urban area of three or four million inhabitants, and even today is not around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any possibility of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from your fifties. The resulting conflict useful in public places roads ended up being often solved and only private transport: Such as numerous avenues in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical as in other cities. The tasks of the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. In these years, there is also a regrettable politicization of the subway question, as the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for that subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It absolutely was assumed that the Viennese subway would cause excessive promotion of the centrality with the inner city.
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