Vienna Underground – A Short History

The general public transport in Vienna is not alone about the subway. You will find driving busses, trams and also the overground train. You don’t have an exact date for your first day, when drives began around the subway from Vienna. It had been a very complicated system. The first date in the books is 1898 with the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system which can be nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 plus a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains as well as in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is only a few changing times.

U-Bahnnetz Wien, 2017

Timetable
1925 was the season, where the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified through the town of Vienna. The operation happened, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places inside the city. In the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines inside the center: U3 and U6 plus the following several years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.

New dates for opening
The third first date from the subway of Vienna was 1976 once the first new subway train ran along the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was called a “test operation”. Furthermore, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last however, not the least, in the year 1978, was built the initial new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been about the U4 line for two years.

1898
I am inclined to see the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date with the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification occurred a while later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there is nowhere a reference – the London Underground would not have been opened until 1890. Within this sense, 1898 appears to me to become acceptable to subway Vienna.

The midst of a lifetime
After Wwii, the decission was taken in 1946 to come back two-thirds from the area “Greater Vienna” to reduce Austria. The emergence with the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project with the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it absolutely was targeted at a town of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, as well as today isn’t in sight. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without the potential for realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).

City Tram
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly in the fifties. The resulting conflict of use in public areas roads was then often solved in favor of private transport: As with numerous avenues in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, but not as radical such as other cities. The jobs from the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. In these years, there was also an unfortunate politicization of the subway question, as the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for your subway, the dominant SPO as well as the housing inside the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It absolutely was assumed that a Viennese subway would cause excessive promotion from the centrality from the inner city.
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