People transport in Vienna isn’t alone about the subway. There are driving busses, trams and the overground train. You do not have an exact date for that first day, when drives began around the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was a very complicated system. The very first date inside the books is 1898 with the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – something which can be nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 plus a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains as well as in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is just a matter of changing times.
1925 was the year, the location where the City Train was reopened as an urban transport system after being electrified by the capital of scotland- Vienna. The operation happened, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected plenty of places inside the city. Within the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 and in the next several years to 2028 will build the extension from your lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The next first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 when the first new subway train ran along the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This is called a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last although not the least, in 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had been recently around the U4 line for 2 years.
I am inclined to see the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date from the London Underground in 1863: this year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels and their electrification happened time later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, there is however nowhere a reference – the London Underground do not need been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 seems to me being acceptable to Wien U Bahn Netz.
The center of the Century
After World War II, the decission was taken in 1946 to return two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to Lower Austria. The emergence with the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project from the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it was targeted at an urban area of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, and even today isn’t in sight. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
In the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from your fifties. The resulting conflict useful in public roads was then often solved in support of private transport: As with a multitude of locations in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, however, not as radical such as other cities. The jobs of the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly to the new bus lines. In these years, there is also a regrettable politicization from the subway question, as the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for the subway, the dominant SPO as well as the housing within the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It absolutely was assumed that a Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion with the centrality with the inner city.
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